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Impact of Lifestyle and Nutrition on Obesity

Obesity in the excess or abnormal accumulation of fat in adipose tissue to the extent that health is impaired. Obesity in modern times has a direct relationship with food, nutritional content and lifestyle. Obesity is not a disease it is a condition as it is possible to reduce fat and become healthy again, but obesity can lead to various other diseases. In some countries obesity is considered as a disease as it has can cause hormonal imbalance, neurotransmitter deficiencies and nutritional exhaustion.

Factors contributing to development of obesity

There are multiple reasons for being obese or fat including genetic, environmental, social, sedimentary lifestyle, and unhealthy dietary habits. There is major change in dietary pattern worldwide. People now prefer instant energy foods and drinks which often contain high carbohydrates which are ultimately converted into fats if not utilized.

Unhealthy lifestyle

World is now in a race to get more and more powerful which can be achieved by working hard. This is the era of technology and people prefer to work on laptop which requires the person to sit till the work is finished. Due to long working hours the person accumulates more and more fat, shows less physical activity and is in search of easy quick food such as junk food. Junk food including burgers, pizza, fries are usually consumed which are highly fattening. Even if one consumes high fattening food so that fat should be burnt but there is no proper routine or awareness to workout especially in developing countries or even if people have time to work out they choose to sit idle and watch television.

Susceptibility of obesity

There are factors such as environmental, genetic and interaction of gene and environment which can contribute for obesity. Due to gene and environment interaction the genome adapts according to the environmental agents which ultimately causes behavioral and genotypic changes. Susceptibility to obesity is increased due to genetic factors but actually is prompted by environmental factors.

Diseases due to obesity

There are various physical health problems and other types of illness caused due to obesity. Diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases, chronic kidney diseases, and musculoskeletal disorders are caused due to obesity. 

Nutritional content

Obesity is caused also due to reasons such as people nowadays do not work on the nutritional content of food and consume junk food mainly which has no nutritional value but the carbohydrates and fats are accumulated in the body. A balanced diet is required for active and healthy body with increased nutritional contents such as salads, vegetables, meat, eggs, milk and fruits.

Control over obesity

Obesity is controlled by a number of factors but it is mainly concerned with a person’s own behavior so to control obesity we need to aware people about its consequences and harmful effects. Apart from awareness one should engage in physical activities, improve lifestyle, nutrition and food.


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