Plum are juicy and delicious fruits that belong to the genus Prunus of the Rosaceae family which also include peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These fruits have many colors and shapes they have almost 2000 different verities. They are chiefly grown in China, United States, Serbia, and Romania.
Plums are the trees which grow about the height of about 10-15m high and the fruit which grows on them depends on the origin of the countries where it is planted. The fruit is called stone fruits with pulp around that stone and with a crease running downwards on one side. The color of the outer skin varies from yellow to red or sometimes it can be black it depends on the condition of the fruit.
There are lots of health benefits of plum which includes the relief from the influenza infection, problems regarding indigestion and anxiety. Not only have these it also has the antioxidant present that helps in the treatment of osteoporosis, macular degeneration, cancer, diabetes, and obesity. It helps in the maintains of the cholesterol, cellular health, electrolyte balance, immune system strength, cardiovascular health, cognitive health and help in the maintains of the nerves system and the blood clotting.
Nutrients content of plum
Plum is the complete package of the minerals, vitamins and healthy components. The vitamins which are present in plum are vitamin A, C (ascorbic acid), K (phylloquinone), vitamin B1(thiamine), B2(riboflavin), B3(niacin), B6 AND vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol). The minerals which are present in plum are magnesium, iron, calcium, fluoride, phosphorous, zinc and potassium. It also full of fibers which are best for the digestion.
Plums are full of an immense range of phenol and flavonoids.
Here are few diseases for which plum is beneficial.
Digestion: Plums are good source of large amount of fibers which along with the other components such as isatin and sorbitol which are important for the digestive system. Sorbitol and isatin have a laxative which help in the efficient flushing of waste through the colon. According to a research the dry plums are more efficient which help in the solve problems such as constipation.
Blood Clotting: Plums contain vitamin K which is the important component of the blood clotting and even vitamin K is important for the strengthen of the bones
Skin Care: Plum is full of vitamin C and antioxidants which are the essential components of the youthful skin. Plums help in the reduction of the dark spots and wrinkles due to the anti-aging components. Which keep the skin healthy and fresh which is why the extracts of which are used in various skin products.
Cancer: Plums contain a lot amount of the chemicals which are beneficial for the inhibition of growth and proliferation of malignant cancer cells. The chemicals are epicatechin, chlorogenic acid, and neo-chlorogenic acid. These chemicals are also effective in inhibition of liver cancer and breast cancer without harming of the normal cells.
Anxiety: Plum contain antioxidant which help in reduction of the anxiety. The presences of chlorogenic acid helps in the recovery from the damage caused by the oxidative stress in the body.
Macular Degeneration: The carotenoids which are present in large amount in the plums like lutein and zeaxanthin help protect eyes from the damage from UV light and yes the vitamin A also one of the big factor along with these carotenoids.
Plum is rich in potassium and electrolytes which help in efficient functioning of cell and tissues. Plum help in the regulation of the acid base in the body.
Pregnancy: Plum is rich in vitamins and minerals which is beneficial for the eye sight, bones and tissues and cells for both mother and baby. The fibers present in plum help in prevent constipation and the balance diet help in prevention form various different infections.
Influenza: Specifically the Japanese plum is effective against the influenza virus. One research has shown that the Japanese plum contains lectin which inhibit the proper functioning of the virus and help in protecting the human body.
Nervous System: Vitamin B 6 in the plum is the essential component which help in the transmission of the nerve impulse. Not only it help in the proper functioning of the brain but it also help in the building of the mood influencing hormone. Tryptophan present in it help in neurotransmission which help in apatite and sleeping properly.
Osteoporosis: Flavonoids present in plum such as caffeic acid and rutin both are important for preventing the degradation of the bones and the disease such as osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Polyphenols, along with the potassium content present in dried plums, encourage the formation of bones, enhances bone density and prevents bone loss caused by ovarian hormone deficiency.
Obesity: One research has proven that the plum extract contains the material which are anti-obesity and fight with the metabolic syndrome due to the presence of bioactive compounds. The flavonoids and phenolic components such as anthocyanins, chlorogenic acids, quercetin, and catechins present in plums exert anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory effects on the different bodily cells, including the fat cells.
Antioxidants: Plums contains vitamin C and phytonutrients such as lutein, cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin, neochlorogenic and chlorogenic acid. These components possess effective antioxidant qualities which help in preventing the damage caused by oxygen radicals called superoxide anion radicals.
These are the few of the health benefits of Plum which are really helpful if we know them.