Skip to main content

Health Benefits of Fermented Food

Fermented foods and beverages are staples of the human diet. These foods have been consumed and produced since the start of human civilizations. Fermented foods are those foods which are grown through controlled microbial growth and enzymatic reactions.

Food fermentation processes can be categorized by the primary metabolites and microorganisms which involved alcohol, acetic acid, lactic acid, fatty acid, propionic acid and carbon dioxide. Food substrates can also describe fermentations. These foods include fish, meat, dairy, vegetable legumes, cereals, starchy roots, and grapes. Yeast or lactic acid bacteria ferment those materials which contain the high concentration of monosaccharides and disaccharides.

Benefit Of Fermented Food

Fermentation is a biological method of food preservation. Food which is produced in this way that has reduced the risk of contamination. The fermented food contains the desirable tasted and textures which are missing in starting materials for example table olives are inedible without the chemical. In addition to this fermented food also promote human health which is not the attribute of the starting food material. This outcome of fermentation is basically the contribution of microbes. Many studies show that consumption of fermented dairy food is linked to maintenance of weight.

Frequent consumption of yogurt help in the reduction of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The benefits might extend to immediate physiological responses. It was found that fermented milk consumption improves glucose metabolism and reduced muscle soreness induced by acute exercise. It is also found that fermented food consumption can alter mood and brain activity too. Several peptides and peptide fractions having bioactive properties have been isolated from sour milk, kefir, dahi, and other fermented food products.

These and other peptides are being investigated for their anti-hypertensive, anti-thrombotic, satiety, opioid, immuno-modulatory, osteogenic, and antioxidant effects. Of particular interest are the peptides present in fermented dairy products that have activity as anti-hypertensive angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. conjugated linoleic acid, a fatty acid with putative atheroprotective properties, can be enriched by LAB that possesses linoleate isomerase. In plant and vegetable fermentations, the growth of LAB enhances conversion of phenolic compounds such as flavonoids. The activation of these flavonoids activate the master regulator of oxidant stress responses in mammals and thereby induce the expression of antioxidant and detoxifying enzymes which protect against oxidative and chemical damage.

Bioactive And Nutritive Compounds

Fermentation can result in new compounds with health modulating potential. One such metabolite is the lactic acid which has shown the reduction in pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion which is bone marrow derived macrophage and dendritic cell. Lactic acid also alters the reactive oxygen species in the intestine. Certain bacteria in plant and dairy foods produce vitamins including folate, riboflavin, B12 and Vitamin B. Amino acid and derivatives with neurotransmitter and immunomodulatory functions are also synthesized during fermentation. In addition to all these certain proteins are also produced which act as an anti-oxidants and prevent adhesion of pathogens to the intestinal mucosa.

Microbes To The Digestive Tract

Fermented food and beverages are the best way of transferring a large amount of live microorganism into the digestive tract. Which survive passage through the human digestive tract. The hypothesis proposes that such microbial exposures are essential for normal development of immune system and neural function. Therefore consumption of fermented foods are the indirect means of those microorganisms which are good for the development of immune system. Fermented foods show particular potential as a practical vehicle in which to provide established probiotic strains. 

Probiotic Microorganism

Bacteria are not always bad for health. Few species of bacteria are known as good bacteria which are good for the health of digestive track. Fermented food is full of probiotic bacteria. Probiotic are naturally present in the body. Probiotic help moves food through the gut. Researchers have found out that probiotics are involved in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, infectious diarrhea, and antibiotic-related diarrhea.

It is good to have fermented food in your daily diet as they increase the dishes on your table and keep you healthy. 


Popular posts from this blog

How To Start Your Own Backyard Garden from Scratch?

Are you interested in beginning the journey of your own backyard garden? If yes, then don't think too much, believe in yourself because positive thinking leads to positive outcomes. If you want to start a backyard garden for growing your own vegetables, you should do it. Don't let that whole useful place go to waste. Gardening has many advantages: it saves money, saves the nature and planet, grows fresh vegetables with interesting flavours.

There are 11 steps for beginners who have no idea where to start;
Selection of SiteThe most important step is to choose the right site for a backyard garden.You need a place that gets plenty of sunlight daily, closer to a source of water, and shielded from frost and wind because many plants such as tomatoes and cucumbers need shelter from the wind.If there are trees around your selected place, consider the spread of their roots, you may need to dig a barrier around your garden to block root incursions. You will also need to terrace the beds i…

Food Allergies: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Food allergies occur when your body's immune system overreacts to exposure to a particular food.Food allergy symptoms are most common in babies and children, but in some cases they can appear at any age. Even though allergic reactions are often mild, they can be very severe in some cases causing inflammation of thebody's tissues. Foods are responsible for the majority of allergic reactions and someare listed below; Cow's MilkEggsFishPeanutShellfishSoyTree nutsWheat
CausesCertain causes put you at great risk for having a food allergy. Immune systemAn allergic reaction to food involves two components of the immune system. One component is a type of protein, an allergy antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE), which circulates through the blood and can mistakenly target a certain protein found in food as a threat, causing several chemicals to be released, the most important being histamine that stores up in the other components mast cell, which is found in all tissues of the body.…

Food Exchange List For Weight Loss

The Food Exchange List serves as a basis for a proper meal planning system that helps in weight loss and staying fit. Many dietitians and nutritionists use the food exchange list for meal planning, patient diet counselling, educating the patient with diabetes, for weight reduction and many other conditions. The list is compiled of groups having a similar nutrient content foods and each group is regarded with the same fixed value of caloric and major nutrient content, which may be substituted with any other food item on the same list.        In 1950, the US Food Exchange list was created by the group effort of American Dietetic Association, the American Diabetes Association and the US Public Health Service to target meal planning problems. In history, the exchange list was only used for the meal planning of diabetic patients to control the blood sugar but the meal-planning methods are also helpful to promote the feeling of fullness by the help of foods that fill you up and can be useful…